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Android database master script (9), hurry to use litepal version 2.0

2022-01-27 05:02:17 Guo Lin

Preface

I'm glad to tell you some good news today ,LitePal There's a new version .

Forget it , The last version 1.6.1 It was launched half a year ago , And the whole open source project started from 2014 Since its launch in , I've been maintaining it for four years . Over the past four years , I'm constantly perfecting LitePal Code for , Fix all kinds of suggestions bug, And add a variety of new features that are easy to use . Today, , After half a year ,LitePal Finally ushered in a big version update , Officially released 2.0.0 edition !

from 1.6.1 Directly across to 2.0.0, It shows that the upgrade is still very big . stay 2.0.0 In the version , I refactored a lot of internal code , bring LitePal The overall architecture is more reasonable and clear ,API The interface is more scientific , And it rewrites the synchronization mechanism of the database , Solve a lot of concurrent database operation problems . most important of all ,LitePal 2.0.0 Version now fully supports Kotlin 了 ! In the future, whether you use Java still Kotlin Development Android Program , Fine 100% Use compatible LitePal, Is it a little excited ? So let's learn how to use the new version of LitePal Well .

The way to upgrade

The way to upgrade is simple , If you're using Android Studio, Only need build.gradle Modify the configuration in :

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.litepal.android:core:2.0.0'
}

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If you still use Eclipse, Then you can click here Download the latest version jar package .

What we need to pay attention to is ,2.0.0 Almost all of the API All the interfaces have changed . But please don't panic ,2.0.0 The version is fully backward compatible , in other words , You don't have to worry about a lot of errors after the upgrade , Before all the code can still run normally , It's just the old one API Will be marked as abandoned , Remind everyone to use the new one as soon as possible API nothing more , As shown in the figure below :

Of course , You don't have to hear everything API I feel panic when everything changes , In fact, all changes are regular .

So we all know ,LitePal Its usage is very simple , So upgrade new API The process is also very simple , Let's take a step-by-step look at .

First, the inheritance of entity classes needs to be modified , This is how we used to write :

You can see , Now? DataSupport Class has been marked as obsolete , Although it can work normally for the time being , But it's not recommended to use it any more , from LitePal 2.0.0 It is suggested to use LitePalSupport class , We can change the code as follows :

Change the inheritance structure of the entity class to LitePalSupport after , One of the hidden benefits is that all the examples CRUD Methods are automatically upgraded to 2.0.0 Version of the , Such as save() Method ,update() Method ,delete() Methods, etc. . therefore , We used to store a piece of data how to write , Now how to write , such as :

Song song = new Song();
song.setName("hello");
song.setDuration("180");
song.save();

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In this way, a piece of data can be stored in the database , There is no change in the way it was written before , But it uses LitePal 2.0.0 The latest interface in , Because of this save() The method comes from LitePalSupport Class .

The next step to upgrade is static CRUD Method . It turns out that all the static CRUD Methods are encapsulated in DataSupport Class , For example, the data in the query database that we demonstrated just now can be written in this way :

And now , All the static CRUD Methods have been moved to LitePal Class , So we just need to put DataSupport It is amended as follows LitePal that will do , Other uses are completely unchanged , As shown below :

you 're right , The upgrade process is so simple . To sum up, there are only two main points , If you're using... In an inheritance structure DataSupport, So change it to LitePalSupport, If you're calling DataSupport Static methods in , So change it to LitePal.

But finally, there's one more thing to note , If your project code has enabled obfuscation , Then the confused configuration needs to be modified accordingly , The original confusion configuration is as follows :

-keep class org.litepal.** {
    *;
}

-keep class * extends org.litepal.crud.DataSupport {
    *;
}

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And because the DataSupport Classes have been abandoned , So here we also need to confuse the file with DataSupport Change to LitePalSupport Talent , As shown below :

-keep class org.litepal.** {
    *;
}

-keep class * extends org.litepal.crud.LitePalSupport{
    *;
}

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After finishing all the above operations , So congratulations , Your code has been completely upgraded to LitePal 2.0.0 Version of the .

Kotlin Since last year Google IO The conference became Android After the first level language , After more than a year of development , Now it has officially become Google Kiss my son . Future use Kotlin To write Android There will be more and more people in the program , therefore LitePal Follow up in time , Full support Kotlin Language .

Now I'll give you a brief demonstration of how to use Kotlin The code uses LitePal Well .

LitePal Use Method

First define an entity class , Here we use Book Class, for example . such as Book There are id、name、page These three fields , And inherit from LitePalSupport class , As shown below :

class Book(val name: String, val page: Int) : LitePalSupport() {
    val id: Long = 0
}

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You can see ,Kotlin It's really simple to define entity classes in . It should be noted that , If you need to define in your entity class id This field , Don't put it in the constructor , because id The value of is determined by LitePal Automatically assigned , It should not be specified by the user . So we are here Book Class declares a read-only type id.

Then it needs to be in litepal.xml Declare this entity class in , This is a routine operation :

<list>
    <mapping class="org.litepal.litepalsample.model.Book" />
</list>

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Okay ! And then we can do CRUD Operation , Well, since it's the first time Kotlin To operate LitePal, Here I will demonstrate each operation separately . The first is storage operations , The code is as follows :

val book = Book(" First line of code ", 552)
val result = book.save()
Log.d(TAG, "save result is $result , book id is ${book.id}")

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You can see , Here we first create a Book Example , And pass in the title and the number of pages , And then call save() Method can store this data in the database . At the end of the storage, a print log is used to print out the execution results , As shown below :

D/MainActivity: save result is true , book id is 1

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You can see , This shows that the storage was successful , also book Of id The value has become 1, explain LitePal After the storage is successful id Assigned a value to .

Next, let's take a look at the database , As shown in the figure below :

Once again, verify that the storage operation has been successful .

Now let's show you how to modify , The code is as follows :

val cv = ContentValues()
cv.put("name", " Second line of code ")
cv.put("page", 570)
LitePal.update(Book::class.java, cv, 1)

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Basically Kotlin Everyone will feel familiar with the usage of "on" , Because and Java It's all similar , It's just that the specific grammar may be a little different . Like update() The first parameter the method receives is a Class object , stay Java We'll introduce Book.class, And in the Kotlin In the middle, you need to pass in Book::class.java.

Execute the above code , Then check it in the database , The results are shown in the following figure :

you 're right , We have successfully completed the modification .

Let's take a look at the delete operation , The code is as follows :

LitePal.delete(Book::class.java, 1)

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Here we indicate to delete id by 1 This record of . Except, of course, according to id Delete other than , You can also delete according to any other conditions , For example, we want to make the number of pages larger than 500 All the books in the book were deleted , Then you can write :

LitePal.deleteAll(Book::class.java, "page > ?", "500")

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good , Now execute any of the above lines of code , Then go to the database and observe , As shown in the figure below :

No problem , You can see that the database is empty , It shows that our delete operation has taken effect .

Last , Let's show you the operation of query . Because there is no data in the database now , So let's first add two pieces of data to the library , Then perform the query operation , The code is as follows :

Book(" First line of code ", 552).save()
Book(" Second line of code ", 570).save()

LitePal.findAll(Book::class.java).forEach {
    Log.d(TAG, "book name is ${it.name} , book page is ${it.page}")
}

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Here we call findAll() Method , take Book All the data in the table has been queried . The result of the query is a List aggregate , So we used Kotlin Medium forEach The loop prints out every record it finds . The results are shown below :

D/MainActivity: book name is  First line of code  , book page is 552
D/MainActivity: book name is  Second line of code  , book page is 570

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Of course , In addition to the call findAll() Out of the way , We can also use LitePal To customize the query conditions arbitrarily :

LitePal.where("name like ?", " The first _ Line code ")
       .order("page desc")
       .limit(5)
       .find(Book::class.java)

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So we'll be in Kotlin Use in LitePal Conduct CRUD All the operations are demonstrated , Is it feeling and Java It's as simple and convenient as in ? Of course , In addition to these new features , I also fixed some known bug, Improve the stability of the overall framework , If that's what you need , Then upgrade quickly .

copyright notice
author[Guo Lin],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.
https://en.cdmana.com/2022/01/202201270502153108.html

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